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Rouault, Georges, Collection, 1946-1972

Georges Rouault (1871-1958) Collection,

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Open Finding Aid

Ryerson and Burnham Archives, Ryerson and Burnham Libraries
The Art Institute of Chicago

Finding Aid Published: 2002

Georges Rouault (1871-1958) Collection, 1946-1976

Accession Number: 1976.1

Electronic access to this finding aid was made possible through a grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
©Ryerson and Burnham Archives, The Art Institute of Chicago. All rights reserved.

COLLECTION SUMMARY:
TITLE:Georges Rouault (1871-1958) Collection, 1946-1976
EXTENT:.5 linear foot (1 box)
REPOSITORY: Ryerson and Burnham Archives, Ryerson and Burnham Libraries,
The Art Institute of Chicago
111 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60603-6110
(312) 443-7292 phone
rbarchives@artic.edu
http://www.artic.edu/aic/libraries/rbarchives/rbarchives.html
ABSTRACT:French artist Georges Rouault and Chicago Roman Catholic priest Father Richard J. Douaire sustained a correspondence about Rouault's art between World War II and the late 1950s. This collection comprises primarily the letters and photographs sent by Rouault and his family to Douaire.
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION:Correspondence, printed papers and black and white photographic prints.
ORIGINATION: Douaire, Richard J., 1921-1975
ACQUISITION INFORMATION:The Georges Rouault Collection was donated by Father Richard J. Douaire to the Ryerson and Burnham Archives in 1976. One additional letter was donated by Isabella Weltzer in March 2014.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH:
Georges Rouault, born in Paris on May 27, 1871, began a study of art with his maternal grandfather Alexandre Champdavoine, then continued his training at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts under Elie Delaunay, and then Gustave Moreau. Rouault exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français (1895-1901), and at the Salon d'Automne (1903-1908). In 1917 Ambroise Vollard became his dealer. Rouault died in Paris on February 13, 1958.

Rouault's mature style is most popularly known by its relationship to medieval stained glass, particularly in the use of black lines as leading, dividing the color areas into compartments. In addition to religious subjects, Rouault painted common people in his exploration of good and evil. These subjects and themes were influenced by his early contacts with such neo-Catholic writers as Léon Bloy and J.K. Huysmans, and the philosopher Jacques Maritain.

Father Richard J. Douaire (1921-1975) was a Roman Catholic priest who, in addition to his parish responsibilities in the Chicago area, participated on the Subcommittee on Art and Architecture of the Archdiocesan Liturgical Committee and on the Religious Building Board of the Chicago Chapter of the American Institute of Architects.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE:
This collection comprises primarily the letters that Father Richard Douaire received from Georges Rouault, and subsequently from Rouault's daughter Isabelle. The correspondence, conducted over a period of twenty-six years, suggests that Father Douaire developed an interest in the religious subjects and themes of Rouault's art, and contacted him after World War II with the intent of writing a book about Rouault's work. This collection contains five letters addressed to Father Douaire in which Rouault discusses issues of influence, training, intent, and philosophy. The letter of "Fin Octobre 1949" includes a poem "En Souvenir des Flandres/Chanson quiquengrognaise" by Rouault. In addition to these letters, Rouault developed several lengthy essays on his art and philosophy, which were intended to prepare Father Douaire for the writing of the book. "Introduction,"   "Impromptu," and "Comme Il Vous Plaira," provide brief subjective biographical sketches and discussion of Rouault's mentors; other influences on his art; his philosophy on "Form-couleur-harmonie" ; and some explanations of certain of his subjects. "A Richard Douaire/Commentaires" is a lengthy response from Rouault to Douaire's questions, which had been translated for Rouault and typed in the left half of each page. This essay again presents biographical information, influences and philosophies, and the meaning of certain works. The six letters of Madam Rouault (Martha Le Sidaner) to Father Douaire offer general information on domestic subjects, health, family activities, travel plans, etc. As her father grew older, Isabelle Rouault continued the correspondence with Father Douaire, beginning in 1946. She discusses forthcoming exhibitions, the activities of other authors and scholars who are writing about Rouault, the series of four films on Rouault, and the work of her father. The four candid photographs of Rouault are undated, but are clearly from his later years. Also included in the collection is a copy of the eulogy read by the Abbé Maurice Morel, at the funeral of Rouault February 17, 1958, at the church of Saint-Germaine-des-Près, Paris.

ORGANIZATION AND ARRANGEMENT:
Biographical material about Father Douaire is listed at the front of the inventory. Letters and essays from Rouault to Douaire are found next, followed by correspondence from Rouault's wife and daughter, all in chronological order with undated items listed last in each subsection. Photographs and miscellaneous materials are found at the end of the inventory.

CONTROLLED ACCESS POINTS:
This collection and other related materials may be found under the following headings in online catalogs:
Rouault, Georges, 1871-1958
Rouault, Georges, 1871-1958--Correspondence
Douaire, Richard J., 1921-1975--Correspondence
Rouault, Isabelle--Correspondence
Painters--France--Paris--Archives

ABBREVIATIONS:
AbbreviationDefinition
ALSautograph letter, signed
BOX.FFBox #, Folder #
n.d.not dated
TLtyped letter
TLStyped letter, signed

RELATED MATERIALS IN CURATORIAL DEPARTMENTS, THE ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO:
Works by Georges Rouault are held in the permanent collection of the Department of Prints and Drawings and the Department of European Painting.

PHYSICAL LOCATION:
The collection is housed in the Ryerson and Burnham Libraries' on-site stacks.

ACCESS RESTRICTIONS:
This collection may be used by qualified readers in the Reading Room of the Ryerson and Burnham Libraries at The Art Institute of Chicago. Collections maintained on-site are available for patron use without prior arrangement or appointment. Collections maintained in off-site storage will be retrieved with advance notification; please consult the Archivist for the current retrieval schedule. For further information, consult http://www.artic.edu/aic/access/access.html

USER RESTRICTIONS:
The Art Institute of Chicago is providing access to the materials in the Libraries' collections solely for noncommercial educational and research purposes. The unauthorized use, including, but not limited to, publication of the materials without the prior written permission of the Art Institute is strictly prohibited. All inquiries regarding permission to publish should be submitted in writing to the Archivist, Ryerson and Burnham Archives, The Art Institute of Chicago. In addition to permission from the Art Institute, permission of the copyright owner (if not the Art Institute) and/or any holder of other rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) may also be required for reproduction, publication, distribution, and other uses. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of any item and securing any necessary permissions rests with the persons desiring to publish the item. The Art Institute makes no warranties as to the accuracy of the materials or their fitness for a particular purpose.

PREFERRED CITATION:
Georges Rouault Collection, Ryerson and Burnham Archives, The Art Institute of Chicago.

PROCESSING INFORMATION:
The collection was processed by the staff of the Ryerson and Burnham Archives. This finding aid was revised and expanded by Annemarie van Roessel in 2002 and Aaron Rutt in 2014.

ITEM INVENTORY:
LOCATIONCONTENTSDATESITEMS

FATHER RICHARD J. DOUAIRE, BIOGRAPHICAL DATA:
Box.FF 1.1
Obituary, The New World.
Photocopy.
09/26/1975 1
Box.FF 1.1
Memorial service announcement, The New World.
Photocopy.
04/09/1976 1
Box.FF 1.1
Koenig, Harry C., Rev. Msgr., editor. "St. Cyprian Church," in A History of the Parishes of the Archdiocese of Chicago. Chicago: New World Publishing Co.
Photocopy.
1980 1
Box.FF 1.1
Koenig, Harry C., Rev. Msgr., editor. "St. Mary's Church," in A History of the Parishes of the Archdiocese of Chicago. Chicago: New World Publishing Co.
Photocopy.
1980 1

EXTENDED LETTERS AND ESSAYS FROM GEORGES ROUAULT TO FATHER DOUAIRE:
Box.FF 1.2
"Introduction."
Typescript. Signed and annotated.
n.d. 1
Box.FF 1.3
"Impromptu."
Typescript. Signed and annotated.
06/1946(?) 1
Box.FF 1.4
"Comme Il Vous Plaira."
Typescript. Annotated.
07/1946 1
Box.FF 1.5
"A Richard Douaire/Commentaires," .
Typescript. Signed and annotated.
n.d. 1

CORRESPONDENCE FROM GEORGES ROUAULT TO FATHER DOUAIRE:
Box.FF 1.6
Correspondence.
ALS.
07/14/1946 1
Box.FF 1.6
Correspondence.
TL.
01/1948 1
Box.FF 1.6
Correspondence.
TLS.
10/1949 1
Box.FF 1.6
Correspondence.
TLS.
04/06/1953 1
Box.FF 1.6
Correspondence.
ALS.
n.d. 1

CORRESPONDENCE FROM MME. ROUAULT TO FATHER DOUAIRE:
Box.FF 1.7
Correspondence.
ALS.
01/20/1949 1
Box.FF 1.7
Correspondence.
ALS.
10/21/1949 1
Box.FF 1.7
Correspondence.
ALS.
07/10/[1956] 1
Box.FF 1.7
Correspondence.
ALS, with envelope.
03/05/[1958] 2
Box.FF 1.7
Correspondence.
ALS.
01/20/19-- 1
Box.FF 1.7
Correspondence.
ALS.
06/19/19-- 1

CORRESPONDENCE FROM MLLE. ISABELLE ROUAULT TO FATHER DOUAIRE:
Box.FF 1.8
Correspondence.
ALS.
07/23/1946 1
Box.FF 1.8
Correspondence.
ALS.
03/11/1947 1
Box.FF 1.8
Correspondence.
ALS.
01/1948 1
Box.FF 1.8
Correspondence.
ALS.
02/29/1948 1
Box.FF 1.8
Correspondence.
TLS.
03/06/1948 1
Box.FF 1.8
Correspondence.
ALS.
01/08/1949 1
Box.FF 1.8
Correspondence.
ALS.
05/03/1949 1
Box.FF 1.9
Correspondence.
TLS.
05/06/1950 1
Box.FF 1.9
Correspondence.
ALS.
01/10/1951 1
Box.FF 1.9
Correspondence.
ALS.
01/22/1951 1
Box.FF 1.9
Correspondence.
TLS.
03/01/1952 1
Box.FF 1.9
Correspondence.
TLS.
10/03/1953 1
Box.FF 1.9
Correspondence.
TLS.
10/31/1953 1
Box.FF 1.9
Correspondence.
TLS.
11/20/1954 1
Box.FF 1.9
Correspondence.
ALS.
02/05/1955 1
Box.FF 1.9
Correspondence.
TLS.
04/04/1956 1
Box.FF 1.9
Correspondence.
TLS.
07/12/1956 1
Box.FF 1.9
Correspondence.
ALS.
08/17/1956 1
Box.FF 1.10
Correspondence.
ALS, with envelope.
03/21/1963 1
Box.FF 1.10
Correspondence.
TLS. Annotated.
01/09/1968 1
Box.FF 1.10
Correspondence.
ALS.
12/03/1970 1
Box.FF 1.10
Correspondence.
ALS.
02/11/1972 1
Box.FF 1.10
Correspondence.
ALS. Gift of Isabella Weltzer, March 2014.
02/18/1976 1
Box.FF 1.11
Correspondence.
ALS.
08/22/19-- 1
Box.FF 1.11
Correspondence.
ALS.
10/23/19-- 1
Box.FF 1.11
Correspondence.
ALS.
Jeudi 1
Box.FF 1.11
Correspondence, "C'est aussi que nous appelons..."
ALS.
n.d. 1
Box.FF 1.11
Greeting card, "Véronique" by Rouault.
Holograph, signed.
n.d. 1
Box.FF 1.11
Greeting card, "Bouquet au vase bleu" by Rouault.
Holograph, signed.
n.d. 1
Box.FF 1.11
Greeting card, "Fleurs" by Rouault.
Includes calling card of Isabelle Rouault.
n.d. 2
Box.FF 1.12
Eulogy delivered by Abbé Maurice Morel at Rouault's funeral.
Typescript.
02/17/1958 1
Box.FF 1.13
Announcement of film presentation on Rouault in Paris "Homage à Rouault."
06/06/[1951] 1

PHOTOGRAPHS OF ROUAULT BY YVONNE CHEVALIER, PARIS:
Box.FF 1.14
Portrait (H 725).
n.d. 1
Box.FF 1.14
At reception (R6188).
n.d. 1
Box.FF 1.14
At reception (R6198).
n.d. 1
Box.FF 1.14
At reception (R6199).
n.d. 1

MISCELLANEOUS:
Box.FF 1.15
Henri Matisse to Reverend Meri Gîlle.
ALS. Requesting permission for Rev. Douaire to visit the chapel, with envelope.
06/02/1951 1
Box.FF 1.16
Envelope addressed to Rev. Richard Douaire posted from Mentone, France.
11/19/1974 1



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