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Historic Architecture and Landscape Image Collection, c.1865-1973 (bulk 1890-1945)

Historic Architecture and Landscape Image Collection,

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Open Finding Aid

Ryerson and Burnham Archives, Ryerson and Burnham Libraries
The Art Institute of Chicago

Finding Aid Published: 2003

Historic Architecture and Landscape Image Collection, c.1865-1973 (1890-1945 bulk)

Accession Number: 00.20

This collection was processed with the support of a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
©Ryerson and Burnham Archives, The Art Institute of Chicago. All rights reserved.

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COLLECTION SUMMARY:
TITLE:Historic Architecture and Landscape Image Collection, c.1865-1973
EXTENT:approx. 15,000 images
REPOSITORY: Ryerson and Burnham Archives, Ryerson and Burnham Libraries,
The Art Institute of Chicago
111 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60603-6110
(312) 443-7292 phone
rbarchives@artic.edu
http://www.artic.edu/aic/libraries/rbarchives/rbarchives.html
ABSTRACT:Approximately 15,000 photographic images document examples of architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning in the United States and internationally between c.1865 and 1960.
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Mounted black and white, toned, and color photographic prints; black and white, hand-colored, mechanically-colored, and toned glass lantern slides; black and white photographic negatives; black and white and color  photomechanical prints; and black and white and color photolithographed postcards.
ORIGINATION: Ryerson and Burnham Libraries, The Art Institute of Chicago
ACQUISITION INFORMATION:The bulk of this collection was acquired through donation, lending, purchase, and duplication by the Ryerson and Burnham Libraries between the 1890s and 1973. Individual acquisition information for this portion of the collection is recorded in bound ledgers held by the Ryerson and Burnham Archives; this ledger information, as well as acqusition sources for all items acccessioned since 1973, is included in the electronic database for this collection.

HISTORICAL NOTE:
This collection is derived from the photograph study collection built by the Ryerson an Burnham Libraries for use by lecturers, students, and members of The Art Institute of Chicago from 1890 to 1973. Once numbering in the tens of thousands of images, the majority of this collection was deaccessioned by the Ryerson and Burnham Libraries in the early 1980s. Only images relating to architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning were retained.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE:
Approximately 11,000 images in this collection document the architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning of sites across the United States--with a particular emphasis on Chicago and its suburbs--and, to a lesser extent, internationally. Created in a variety of media--mounted photographic prints and lantern slides, photomechanical prints, and postcards--the images in this collection were made and published between the 1860s and the 1970s. The HALIC image subjects are primarily late 19th- and early 20th-century buildings and structures by identified architects, although a significant number of pre-Civil War, vernacular, and unidentified buildings, architectural plans and renderings, and general streetscape and landscape views are also included. Many of Chicago's noted architects, including Louis Sullivan, Frank Lloyd Wright, Daniel Burnham, and Holabird and Root, are represented in this collection, as are prominent architects, engineers, and landscape architects practicing throughout the United States. A large group of lantern slides that was gathered by the Chicago Plan Commission reflects international influences on Chicago's urban planning ideals during the 1910s and 1920s. In addition, lantern slides used to promote the implementation of Daniel Burnham and Edward Bennett's landmark 1909 Plan of Chicago are found here in rare hand-colored examples. This collection is also quite strong in images from many of the expositions and World's Fairs that took place around the turn of the 20th century, particularly the World's Columbian Exposition [1893] in Chicago, the Louisiana Purchase Exposition [1904] in Saint Louis, the Panama-California Exposition [1915-1916] in San Diego, the Panama-Pacific International Exposition [1915] in San Francisco, the Century of Progress International Exposition [1933-1934] in Chicago, and the Texas Centennial Exposition [1936] in Dallas. Finally, the collection also contains rare images of buildings in the Historic American Buildings Survey, often taken years before the official HABS photographs now held by the Library of Congress.The mounted photographs come from many sources, but most were taken by professional architectural photographers. Included are large groups of photographs by the Chicago Aerial Photography Company (active c.1920-1940), the Detroit Photographic Company/Detroit Publishing Company (active 1898-1924), Henry Fuermann and Sons (Frank Lloyd Wright's preferred photographers), the Historic American Buildings Survey, Albert Levy (active 1890s), Ezra Stoller, and J.W. Taylor (active 1885-1910). The lantern slides represent the work of numerous photographers and slide-makers, including George W. Bond and Company, Chicago Transparency Company, Curtis and Miller, the Detroit Photographic Company/Detroit Publishing Company, Avery Field, the Historic American Buildings Survey, Frances Benjamin Johnston, Alvina Lenke Studios, T.H. Mcallister, A.G. McGregor, L. Manasse, Grace Nichols, Underwood and Underwood, and Edward Van Altena.

ORGANIZATION AND ARRANGEMENT:
Images are sub-classified by material type: mounted photographic prints, lantern slides, and postcards. Through an electronic database, the collection is searchable by building name(s), street address, city, state, and country; architect(s), associated architect(s), engineer(s), landscape architect(s), and artist(s); type of view; architectural style; construction and view dates; image color type; photographer or maker; and source and date of acquisition.

CONTROLLED ACCESS POINTS:
This collection and other related materials may be found under the following headings in online catalogs:
Architecture--Illinois--Chicago--Photographs
Architecture--United States--Photographs
Landscape design--Illinois--Chicago--Photographs
Landscape design--United States--Photographs
City planning--Illinois--Chicago--History--Sources
City planning--United States--History--Sources
Commercial Club of Chicago, Plan of Chicago
Architectural Photography
Wright, Frank Lloyd, 1867-1959
Burnham, Daniel Hudson, 1846-1912
Sullivan, Louis H., 1856-1924
World's Columbian Exposition (1893: Chicago, Ill.)--Photographs
Century of Progress International Exposition (1933-1934: Chicago, Ill.)--Photographs
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)--Photographs
Panama-California Exposition (1915-1916: San Diego, Calif.)--Photographs
Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915: San Francisco, Calif.)--Photographs
Chicago Aerial Photography Company
Detroit Photographic Co.
Detroit Publishing Co.
Henry Fuermann and Sons
Historic American Buildings Survey
Hedrich-Blessing
Albert Levy
Taylor, J. W. 1846-1918
George W. Bond and Company
Chicago Transparency Company
Johnston, Frances Benjamin, 1864-1952
Alvina Lenke Studios
McAllister, T.H.
McGregor, A.G.
Underwood & Underwood
Curtis & Miller
Stoller, Ezra
Nichols, Grace
Altena, Edward Van
L. Manasse Firm

RELATED MATERIALS IN THE RYERSON AND BURNHAM ARCHIVES, THE ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO:
Images of architectural, landscape,and urban planning sujects may be found in numerous other individual architect-, artist-, and building-related collections held by the Ryerson and Burnham Archives.

SEPARATED MATERIALS:
Portions of the HALIC collection were deacessioned to Northwestern University, Loyola University, and Harper College in the 1980s.

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY:
van Roessel, Annemarie. "Through a Glass, Brightly: Re-viewing a Lost Historic and Pedagogical Landscape Through Historic Lantern Slides." Art Documentation 22, no. 6 (Spring 2003): 4-8.

PHYSICAL LOCATION:
The collection is housed in the Ryerson and Burnham Libraries' on-site stacks.

ACCESS RESTRICTIONS:
The materials in this collection are restricted from patron access due to their format and physical condition. This collection has been digitized and is available in a searchable electronic database in the Reading Room of the the Ryerson and Burnham Libraries at The Art Institute of Chicago during regular library hours and without appointment. For further information, consult http://www.artic.edu/aic/libraries/rbarchives/rbarchaccess.html

USER RESTRICTIONS:
The Art Institute of Chicago is providing access to the materials in the Libraries' collections solely for noncommercial educational and research purposes. The unauthorized use, including, but not limited to, publication of the materials without the prior written permission of the Art Institute is strictly prohibited. All inquiries regarding permission to publish should be submitted in writing to the Archivist, Ryerson and Burnham Archives, The Art Institute of Chicago. In addition to permission from the Art Institute, permission of the copyright owner (if not the Art Institute) and/or any holder of other rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) may also be required for reproduction, publication, distribution, and other uses. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of any item and securing any necessary permissions rests with the persons desiring to publish the item. The Art Institute makes no warranties as to the accuracy of the materials or their fitness for a particular purpose.

PREFERRED CITATION:
Historic Architecture and Landscape Image Collection, Ryerson and Burnham Archives, The Art Institute of Chicago.

PROCESSING INFORMATION:
This collection was processed by Natasha Derrickson, with guidance from Annemarie van Roessel, and additional assistance from Christa Aube and Jeffrey Massanova. This finding aid was written by Annemarie van Roessel in 2003.

ACCRUALS:
New materials may be added to this collection on an irregular basis.

ALTERNATE FORM AVAILABLE:
The HALIC collection is currently available through a searchable electronic database that can be accessed online at http://www.artic.edu/aic/libraries/research/specialcollections/digitalcollections/allcollections.html

FILE PLAN:
Images are catalogued according to primary building name and location, and are identified by individual accession numbers, most of which were assigned by the Ryerson and Burnham Libraries when initially created or acquired. These accession numbers were recorded in bound ledgers currently held by the Ryerson and Burnham Archives. Those slides without official library accession records, as well as acquisitions since 1973, have been assigned numbers in the 80,000 range by the Ryerson and Burnham Archives.


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