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Hoeckner, Carl, Collection, 1896-1984 (bulk 1922-1960)

Carl Hoeckner Collection,

1 of 2
Open Finding Aid

Ryerson and Burnham Archives, Ryerson and Burnham Libraries
The Art Institute of Chicago

Finding Aid Published: 2018

Carl Hoeckner Collection, 1896-1984 (bulk 1922-1960)

Accession Number: 2016.4

COLLECTION SUMMARY:
TITLE:Carl Hoeckner Collection, 1896-1984
EXTENT:1.5 linear feet (3 boxes)
REPOSITORY: Ryerson and Burnham Archives, Ryerson and Burnham Libraries,
The Art Institute of Chicago
111 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60603-6110
(312) 443-7292 phone
rbarchives@artic.edu
http://www.artic.edu/aic/libraries/rbarchives/rbarchives.html
ABSTRACT:Materials documenting the life and work of Carl Hoeckner through photographs, sketches, clippings, financial and legal documents, writings on art, and correspondence.
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION:Printed papers, photographs, negatives correspondence, drawings, photocopies and manuscripts.
ORIGINATION: Hoeckner, Carl, 1883-1972.
ACQUISITION INFORMATION:Transferred from Art Institute of Chicago Institutional Archives, 2016.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH:
Born to a family of artists in Munich, 1883, Carl Hoeckner began his art training at a young age with his father, an etcher. After studying at art academies in Germany and Belgium, Hoeckner moved to Chicago in 1910. There, he worked as an illustrator for Armour Meat Packing Company and then in the Marshall Field’s advertising department, all while pursuing a career in fine arts.

His first painting to appear at the Art Institute of Chicago in 1913,Salome, served as an excellent example of his early work with its highly decorative and richly colored style. The devasation wrought by WWI greatly affected Hoeckner and led him to create darker, more political works. The Homecoming of 1918, a grisly depiction of emaciated, disfigured victims of war, created a stir at the Art Institute during an exhibition in 1920. Throughout the 1920s and 1930s Hoeckner created work “representative of his emotional records caused by the world war, the steel age, and the jazz age.” He allied himself with other progressive Chicago artists, joining the Palette and Chisel Club and, along with Rudolph Weisenborn and Ramon Shiva, helped organize a Salon des Refusés at Rothchild’s department store. In light of the exhibition's success, the group founded the Cor Ardens (Ardent Hearts), “an international brotherhood of artists which aims to hold exhibitions without juries, prizes, or sales.”

During his career, Hoeckner participated in numerous group exhibitions in Chicago and other major U.S. cities. He taught industrial design at the School of the Art Institute from 1929 to 1943, and served as the Director of the Graphics Division of the Illinois Art Project (part of the Works Progress Administration) during the Depression. He died in California in 1972.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE:
This collection documents both the life and work of Carl Hoeckner. Project folders include photographs, sketches and clippings of his fine art and commercial work. His professional papers include reviews, exhibition catalogues, documents related to his academic career, and similar items. Items saved by Hoeckner, from maps of Mexico City to his father's naturalization papers, along with family photographs, writings on modern art, and financial documents offer a glimpse into his personal life.

ORGANIZATION AND ARRANGEMENT:
SERIES I: PROJECTS: Divided into three subseries, A. COMMERCIAL, B.FINE ART and C.OTHER, arranged alphabetically.

SERIES II: CORRESPONDENCE. Arranged chronologically.

SERIES III: PROFESSIONAL PAPERS. Divided into four subseries, A. NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS, B. EXHIBITION CATALOGUES, C.ACADEMIC, and D. MISCELLANEOUS, arranged chronologically.

SERIES IV: PERSONAL PAPERS. Divided into four subseries, A. WRITINGS, B. PHOTOGRAPHS, C. LEGAL/FINANCIAL PAPERS, and D. MISCELLANEOUS.

CONTROLLED ACCESS POINTS:
This collection and other related materials may be found under the following headings in online catalogs:
Hoeckner, Carl, 1883-1972.
Hoeckner, Carl, 1883-1972---Archives.

ABBREVIATIONS:
AbbreviationDefinition
BOX.FFBox #, Folder #
c.circa
n.d.not dated

RELATED MATERIALS IN THE INSTITUTIONAL ARCHIVES, THE ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO:
Esther Sparks Papers, 1969-2012, 1996.7
Chicago Architects Oral History Project: Oral history of Norman J. Schlossman

PHYSICAL LOCATION:
The collection is housed in the Ryerson and Burnham Libraries' on-site stacks.

ACCESS RESTRICTIONS:
This collection may be used by qualified readers in the Reading Room of the Ryerson and Burnham Libraries at The Art Institute of Chicago. Collections maintained on-site are available for patron use without prior arrangement or appointment. Collections maintained on-site are available for patron use without prior arrangement or appointment. Collections maintained in off-site storage will be retrieved with advance notification; please consult the Archivist for the current retrieval schedule. For further information, consult http://www.artic.edu/aic/libraries/rbarchives/rbarchaccess.html

USER RESTRICTIONS:
The Art Institute of Chicago is providing access to the materials in the Libraries' collections solely for noncommercial educational and research purposes. The unauthorized use, including, but not limited to, publication of the materials without the prior written permission of the Art Institute is strictly prohibited. All inquiries regarding permission to publish should be submitted in writing to the Archivist, Ryerson and Burnham Archives, The Art Institute of Chicago. In addition to permission from the Art Institute, permission of the copyright owner (if not the Art Institute) and/or any holder of other rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) may also be required for reproduction, publication, distribution, and other uses. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of any item and securing any necessary permissions rests with the persons desiring to publish the item. The Art Institute makes no warranties as to the accuracy of the materials or their fitness for a particular purpose.

PREFERRED CITATION:
Carl Hoeckner Collection, Ryerson and Burnham Archives, The Art Institute of Chicago.

PROCESSING INFORMATION:
The collection was processed by Fallon Pfeiffer and Jorie Braunold in 2018.

ITEM INVENTORY:
LOCATIONCONTENTSDATESITEMS

SERIES I: PROJECTS



COMMERCIAL PROJECTS:
Box.FF 1.1-1.5
B. Altman Co., commercial designs for.
Printed papers. Newspaper clippings. Mostly shoe advertisements.
03/08/1962-02/14/1967, n.d.
Box.FF 1.6
Bergdorf Goodman, commercial designs for.
Printed papers. Newspaper clippings. Shoe advertisements.
1965
Box.FF 1.8
Black, Starr & Gorham, commercial designs for.
Printed papers. Advertisements for watches, china, and silver.
n.d.
Box.FF 1.12
Die Schönheit, illustrations for.
Printed papers. Magazine clippings.
1907, 1911
Box.FF 1.39
Fletcher, William T., Memorial mural.
Printed papers and toned photographs. Photos of mural and mural dedication booklet with biographical information on Hoeckner.
c.1928, 1932
Box.FF 1.21
Luxor Toilet Water, commercial designs for.
Printed papers.
n.d.
Box.FF 1.23
Marshall Field & Co., commercial designs for.
Printed papers. Menu for "The Men's Grill."
n.d.
Box.FF 1.33
New Masses, illustrations for.
Printed papers. Front cover, with title "Spain's Year of War."
1937
Box.FF 1.36
Walgreen's, commercial designs for.
Printed papers. Menu for restaurant at the World's Fair.
c.1933

FINE ART:
Box.FF 1.9
"Cleopatra."
Printed papers.
c.1915
Box.FF 1.10
"Contemporary Rhythms."
Black and white photograph.
c.1933
Box.FF 1.11
"Darkest Age, The."
Black and white negative.
c.1936
Box.FF 1.13
"Directions."
Black and white negative.
c.1950s
Box.FF 1.14
"Fata Morgana."
Black and white negative and toned photograph.
n.d.
Box.FF 1.15
"Gold."
Black and white photograph and toned photograph.
c.1933
Box.FF 1.16
"Holocaust, The."
Black and white photograph.
1938
Box.FF 1.17
"Homecoming."
Black and white photograph, color negative and printed papers.
c.1919, 1920
Box.FF 1.18
"Jazz Age."
Black and white photograph.
c.1930s
Box.FF 1.19
"Labor."
Black and white photograph.
1918
Box.FF 1.20
"Largo."
Black and white photographs.
n.d.
Box.FF 1.22
"Machine Age."
Black and white photograph and black and white negative.
1934
Box.FF 1.24
"Master of Men."
Toned photograph.
c.1935
Box.FF 1.25
"Mystic Reality."
Toned photographs and printed papers.
1931
Box.FF 1.26
"Must."
Toned photograph and black and white negatives.
1934
Box.FF 1.27
"Nocturne."
Toned photograph.
1931
Box.FF 1.29
"Pyramid of Light, The."
Toned photograph and black and white negative.
c.1934
Box.FF 1.30
"Reflections."
Toned photographs.
n.d.
Box.FF 1.31
"Sacred Light."
Toned photograph.
n.d.
Box.FF 1.32
"Sermon on the Mount."
Black and white photograph.
c.1950s
Box.FF 1.34
"Steel Age."
Black and white photograph and black and white negative.
n.d.
Box.FF 1.35
"Truth, A."
Black and white photograph.
n.d.
Box.FF 1.37
"War."
Toned photographs.
c.1917
Box.FF 1.38
"War of Machines."
Black and white photograph.
1938
Box.FF 1.40
Unidentified works.
Black and white photographs, toned photographs and black and white negatives.
n.d.

OTHER:
Box.FF 1.7
Birth announcement.
Ink on paper. Woodblock created by Hoeckner in 1922, re-printed by Peter Baczek in 1984.
1984
Box.FF 1.28
Engraving tests.
Ink on paper. Experimentation with engraving techniques.
1964
Box.FF 1.41
Sketches and figure drawings, unidentified.
Pencil on paper. Commercial and fine art work.
n.d.






LOCATIONCONTENTSDATESITEMS

SERIES II: CORRESPONDENCE


Box.FF 1.42
Various, dated 12/10-1905-08/11/1913.
ALSand TLS. Includes employment offer from Wezel & Naumann and welcome letter to the Palette & Chisel Club from Ernest P. Thurn. File contains content mostly in German, some French and English.
1905-1913
Box.FF 1.43
Various, dated 12/25/1913-11/19/1919.
ALS, TLS and manuscript. Includes an excerpt from the review of the Pennsylvania Academy Exhibit of 1919 by Marion E. Fenton. File contains content mostly in German.
1913-1919
Box.FF 1.44
Various, dated 04/18/1921-11/17/1921.
ALS, TLS and printed papers. Includes pamphlet for the Master School of United Arts in New York, an advertisement for prints of Nicholas Roerich's work, and a letter to Norman-Bel Geddes regarding membership in "Cor Ardens". File contains content mostly in German, some French and English.
1921
Box.FF 1.45
Various, dated 02/05/1922-07/06/1922.
ALS and TLS. Includes letters from Nicholas Roerich and Maurice Maeterlinck. File contains content in German, English and French.
1922
Box.FF 1.46
Various, dated 07/27/1922-12/09/1922.
ALS, TLS and printed papers. Includes a letter and newspaper clippings from the German Consulate in Chicago, as well as letters from Norman-Bel Geddes and Nicholas Roerich. Also includes two letters, signed by various artists, affirming Hoeckner's charges of plagiarism against Gerald Frank. File contains content in German, English and French.
1922
Box.FF 1.47
Various, dated 02/05/1923-12/07/1926.
ALS and TLS. Includes a letter from Robert B. Harshe, director of the Art Institute, regarding Hoeckner's prize for his work in the "Exhibition by Artists of Chicago and Vicinity" and a letter from Louis J. Block, principal of Marshall High School, informing Hoeckner that he is eligible to teach at the school. File contains content in German and English.
1923-1926
Box.FF 1.48
Various, dated 01/08/1927-05/16/1930.
ALS, TLS and printed papers. File contains content in German and English.
1927-1930
Box.FF 1.49
Various, dated 06/20/1930-11/01/1961.
ALS and TLS. Includes correspondence on Cor Ardens stationary, letters regarding commercial work for Granat Bros. Jewelry, correspondence with Clarence Joseph Bulliet and Emil R. Zettler, and exhibition acceptance and rejection letters from the Art Institute of Chicago and The Print Club of Philadelphia. File contains content in German and English.
1930-1961
Box.FF 1.50
Undated.
ALS. File contains content in German and English.
n.d.






LOCATIONCONTENTSDATESITEMS

SERIES III: PROFESSIONAL PAPERS



NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS:
Box.FF 2.1
Various, dated 01/14/1923-02/13/1923.
Printed papers. Articles mostly related to the twenty-seventh annual "exhibition of artists of Chicago and the vicinity" at the Art Institute and "radical" art. One article in German.
1923
Box.FF 2.2
Various, dated 04/22/1923-01/1929.
Printed papers. Articles mostly related to the Chicago Society of Artists and the twenty-seventh and twenty-eighth annual "exhibition of artists of Chicago and the vicinity" at the Art Institute, as well as a profile of Hoeckner in Progressive magazine.
1923-1929
Box.FF 2.3
Various, dated 03/10/1931-08/18/1932.
Printed papers. Articles related to the No-Jury Society of Artists' exhibition, the summer faculty show at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, and Hoeckner and Ramon Shiva's work at Increase Robinson's mural exhibition.
1931-1932
Box.FF 2.4
Various, dated 08/22/1932-09/01/1935.
Printed papers. Articles related to Increase Robinson's mural exhibition, the thirty-seventh annual "exhibition of artists of Chicago and the vicinity" at the Art Institute and Hoeckner's solo exhibit at the Art Institute.
1932-1935
Box.FF 2.5
Various, dated 06/20/1936-02/09/1992.
Printed papers and manuscript. Articles include a piece about Hoeckner written by C.J. Bulliet for The Chicago Daily News, as well as many of Bulliet's "Around the Galleries" columns featuring Hoeckner. Also includes a copy of The Chicago Artist magazine, published by the Artists Union of Chicago, focusing on the Works Progress Administration.
1936-1992
Box.FF 2.6
Undated.
Printed papers. Variety of articles on Hoeckner's work, many by C.J. Bulliet. Most written in English, one in German.
n.d.

EXHIBITION CATALOGUES:
Box.FF 2.7
Various, dated 10/07/1911-12/12/1920.
Printed papers. Includes catalogues from exhibitions presented by the Palette & Chisel Club, The Art Institute of Chicago, The Architectural League of New York and The Milwaukee Art Institute.
1911-1920
Box.FF 2.8
Various, dated 01/26/1922-03/05/1922.
Printed papers. Includes catalogues from exhibitions presented by The Art Institute, Cor Ardens (at The Arts Club of Chicago) and Salons of America, Inc. (at The Anderson Galleries, New York).
1922
Box.FF 2.9
Various, dated 11/12/1933-12/22/1936.
Printed papers. Includes catalogues from exhibitions presented by The Oregon Artists Professional League (at the Portland Week and Festival), The Art Institute, The No-Jury Society of Artists, Salon de Refuses (at The Davis Store Galleries) and The Chicago Society of Artists.
1933-1936
Box.FF 2.10
Various, dated 04/09/1937-03/15/1938.
Printed papers. Includes catalogues from exhibitions presented by American Artists' Congress, Inc., Chicago's Charter Jubilee, The Chicago Society of Artists, The Art Institute of Chicago and The No-Jury Society of Artists (at the Garfield Park Museum, Chicago).
1937-1938
Box.FF 2.10a
Various, dated 01/11/1939-12/14/1946.
Printed papers. Includes catalogues from exhibitions presented by The Chicago Society of Artists (at Riverside Museum, New York), Philadelphia Art Alliance, The Art Institute of Chicago, National Academy of Design, Sheil School of Social Studies, and Audobon Artists.
1939-1946
Box.FF 2.11
Various, dated 04/1948-03/06/1960.
Printed papers. Includes catalogues from exhibitions presented by The Print Club of Rochester (at the Rochester Memorial Art Gallery), The Chicago Society of Etchers (at the Findlay Galleries, Chicago), the Washington Water Color Club (at the U.S. National Museum, Washington, DC), Audobon Artists (at the National Academy Galleries, New York), and the Society of Western Artists (at the M.H. De Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco).
1948-1960
Box.FF 2.12
Undated.
Printed papers and black and white photograph. Includes catalogues from exhibitions presented by Hinsdale Art School, The No-Jury Artists Society (at Moulin Rouge Cafe, Chicago), The Chicago Society of Artists (at Marshall Fields' Picture Galleries and America Fore Gallery), Navy Pier, and Increase Robinson Studio Gallery. Also includes photograph from an Independent Artists Exhibition.
n.d.

ACADEMIC PAPERS:
Box.FF 3.1
Various, dated 06/26/1925-08/03/1935.
TLS and printed papers. Includes letter of recommendation from Marshall High School principal Louis J. Block, School of the Art Institute of Chicago course catalogues, and Art Institute of Chicago weekly newsletters.
1925-1935
Box.FF 3.2
Various, dated 1935-08/10/1936.
Printed papers. Includes information regarding work between Hull House and the Illinois Art Project (Works Progress Administration), School of the Art Institute of Chicago course catalogues, and a pamphlet on the Art Institute of Chicago's School of Industrial Art.
1935-1936
Box.FF 3.3
Miscellaneous.
Printed papers. Includes Palette & Chisel Club constitution booklet, biographical information, a membership card for the Chambre Syndicate des Dessinateurs & Graveurs Lithographes de Bruxelles, receipts from Armour Fertilizer Works and the Library of Congress for Hoeckner's illustrations, and Cor Ardens stationary.
c.1910-1950s






LOCATIONCONTENTSDATESITEMS

SERIES IV: PERSONAL PAPERS



WRITINGS:
Box.FF 3.4
"Essay on left and right wing movement".
Manuscript.
05/22/1919
Box.FF 3.4
"Meditations on contemporary art".
Manuscript and photocopy.
05/22/1919
Box.FF 3.4
"Modern art versus dynamic symmetry".
Manuscript.
n.d.
Box.FF 3.5
"Some reminisces of my father".
Manuscript.
03/1984
Box.FF 3.4
Untitled essay on modernism.
Manuscript.
n.d.
Box.FF 3.4
Untitled essay on no-jury exhibitions.
Manuscript.
n.d.

PHOTOGRAPHS:
Box.FF 3.5
Various.
Black and white photographs and toned photographs. Mostly unmarked.
c.1906-1920s

LEGAL/FINANCIAL PAPERS:
Box.FF 3.6
Various.
Printed papers. Most items in German. Includes Hoeckner's army registration and his father's naturalization papers.
1896-1959

MISCELLANEOUS:
Box.FF 3.7
Various.
Printed papers and architectural drawings. Includes architectural drawings of grave markers, newspaper clippings related to contemporary artists, a copy of The Mentor magazine, a pamphlet from The Cloisters at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and a copy of G.I. Can magazine, produced by the American Legion.
c.1920s-c.1950s
Box.FF 3.8
Various.
Printed papers and architectural drawings. Includes map of Mexico City in Spanish, programs from the Metropolitan Opera House, job postings and other information related to the Tennessee Valley Authority, an advertisement for the Lusitania in French, and a booklet entitled, "Carl Milles, Sculptor: An Interpretation of his Work" by Meyric R. Rogers.
c.1920s-c.1950s







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